View of the Gaungzegyun Pagoda, [Gaungse Kyun Island near Moulmein].
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the stupa on Gaungse Kyun Island near Moulmein (Mawlamyaing), Burma (Myanmar), from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Burma Circle, 1907-13. The photograph was taken by an unknown photographer of the Burma Archaeological Survey.
Moulmein lies at the mouth of the Salween (Thanlwin) river where it meets the Gulf of Mottama (Martaban) and the confluence of four smaller rivers on the coast of south-east Burma. The town, the capital of the Mon state and fourth largest in Burma, is set in beautiful natural scenery of tropical vegetation, low ranges of hills and limestone outcrops rising from the surrounding plains. It was the administrative capital of British Burma between 1827 and 1852 and became a centre for the export of teak and rice. The beautiful small isle of Gaungse Kyun or Hairwash Island is just off the north-west of Moulmein, and is so called because of the annual ritual of washing of the hair of the royals with water from a spring on the island which continued till the 19th century. The graceful spire of the Sandawshin stupa rises amid the trees of the island.