View looking towards the Farm Caves [from Moulmein]
Photographer: Watts and Skeen
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from the Curzon Collection, with a view inland over the tropical vegetation and rooftops of Moulmein (Mawlamyaing), a pagoda in the foreground, the Salween (Thanlwin) River in the distance, and the limestone hills of the Gyaing-Ataran plains on the horizon. Moulmein, the capital of the Mon State, lies on the coast of south-east Burma at the river’s mouth and the confluence of four smaller rivers where they meet the Gulf of Martaban (Mottama). During the 19th century it developed as a colonial town and seaport, having been the administrative capital of British Burma between 1827 and 1852. The pagoda is likely to be a monastery or kyaung, as its raised pavilion, wide verandah, tiered roof and pyat-that spires are characteristic of monastic architecture. Huge caves, of which the most noted are the Farm Caves, occur in the hills near Moulmein, used as temples in ancient times.