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View showing the Khuds and Valleys of Simla from 'Bentinck Castle'

View showing the Khuds and Valleys of Simla from 'Bentinck Castle'

Photographer: Bourne, Samuel

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1865

Shelfmark: Photo 752/12(74)

Item number: 7521274

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of khuds and valleys near Simla, Himachal Pradesh, from the Macnabb Collection, taken by Samuel Bourne in 1865. The hill-station of Simla was a popular resort with British residents of India from the 1820s. Simla became the summer capital of British India when the Governor-General began to take his council with him to the hills to escape the intense heat of Calcutta. It is now the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Simla was known as the 'English Convalescent Station' as its climate was conducive to good health and the Military Sanatoria of Kasauli, Sanawar and Sabathu were nearby. Khud was the name for the steep drop which edged the roads in the area. This view was taken from 'Bentinck Castle', the house occupied by Sir William Cavendish-Bentinck, the Governor-General, on his visit in 1832, which later became Simla Bank.

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