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View of Squire's Hall and Summer Hill from the 'Observatory', Simla

View of Squire's Hall and Summer Hill from the 'Observatory', Simla

Photographer: Bourne, Samuel

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1865

Shelfmark: Photo 752/12(77)

Item number: 7521277

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of Simla, Himachal Pradesh, from the Macnabb Collection, taken by Samuel Bourne in 1865. The hill-station of Simla was a popular resort with British residents of India from the 1820s. Simla became the summer capital of British India when the Governor-General began to take his council with him to the hills to escape the intense heat of Calcutta. It is now the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Simla was known as the 'English Convalescent Station' as its climate was conducive to good health and the military sanatoria of Kasauli, Sanawar and Sabathu were nearby. Observatory House was originally built by Captain J.T. Boileau, for use as a meteorological observatory, where records started to be kept in 1841. This view looks towards Summer Hill and 'Squire's Hall', owned by Colonel Wilkinson, one of the houses for annual rent in the area.

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