Click here to skip to content

Western end Sherpur [Cantonment] from Bemaru.

Western end Sherpur [Cantonment] from Bemaru.

Photographer: Burke, John

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1879

Shelfmark: Photo 430/3(44)

Item number: 44

Length: 19.7

Width: 30.7

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph with a view of the western end of the Sherpur Cantonments at Kabul, Afghanistan, taken by John Burke, 1879-80. The ridge known as the ‘Bemaru Heights’ formed the north side of the Sherpur enclosure and was a feature of much military importance in both the First (1839-42) and Second Afghan Wars (1878-80). In the last campaign the village of Bemaru was utilised first as a defensive post and subsequently as the transport headquarters of the British Army.

It is part of a series of pictures of Afghanistan taken by Burke during the Second Afghan War which form an important visual document of the country as it was during the time of the Great Game or Anglo-Russian rivalry in the region. In 1878 Burke accompanied the British forces into Afghanistan, despite being rejected for the role of official photographer. He financed his trip by advance sales of his photographs 'illustrating the advance from Attock to Jellalabad'.

The Sherpur cantonment on the outskirts of Kabul was planned by Sher Ali (1825-1879), Amir of Afghanistan, as the main winter headquarters of his army. The cantonment wall was over a mile and a half long with massive towers at regular intervals for artillery. In October 1879 British forces under General Roberts re-entered Kabul and occupied the Bala Hissar citadel in a fresh phase of the Second Afghan War after the killing of the British Resident Major Cavagnari and his mission in September. Roberts' tasks were to establish a line of communication with British forces via the Khyber Pass, secure his forces at Kabul, and punish those responsible for the death of Cavagnari. Realising that the arrival of reinforcements during the harsh Afghan winter was difficult, Roberts decided to quarter his troops at the more modern and well-defended Sherpur for the winter season.

Search within this collection

Elsewhere on our websites


Latest events - register free online

Mobile app

For iPhone, iPad and Android

Report a Concern

What is the nature of your concern?

Report a Concern

What is the nature of your concern?

Email link to a friend

Write a brief note to accompany the email

Your friend's email address: