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Proclamation Le Conseiller D'Etat De La République Française, Préfet De La Martinique, Saint- Lucie Et Dépendances Aux Habitans Et Négocians Éablis Dans Ces Íles

Proclamation Le Conseiller D'Etat De La République Française, Préfet De La Martinique, Saint- Lucie Et Dépendances Aux Habitans Et Négocians Éablis Dans Ces Íles

Author: Bertin

Medium: Ink on Paper

Date: 1801

Shelfmark: Add. 33109

Item number: 1

Length: 46

Width: 36.45

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Manuscript

This is a declaration to the inhabitants of Martinique. During the 18th and early 19th centuries the British and French fought to take control of Martinique. England controlled the island in 1762, 1781, 1794 and 1809, and it was finally restored to France by the Treaty of Paris in 1814. This proclamation mentions Villaret-Joyeuse, also known as Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse, a French naval officer who was appointed Governor General of Martinique on 3rd April 1802 and held the position until surrendering to the British in 1809. He was rewarded by Napoleon for his services and was given the post of Governor General of Venice. The proclamation reassures the planters and merchants of the French wish to bring peace and stability to the island and its commerce; this included religious toleration, but also discipline and control of the slaves. Soldiers were to remain on the island to keep order.

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