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Punishment Instruments

Punishment Instruments

Author: Clarkson, Thomas

Medium: Lithograph

Date: 1808

Shelfmark: 522.f.23

Item number: Plate 375

Length: 21.1

Width: 12

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Topographical Print

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This illustration is taken from Thomas Clarkson's 'The History, Rise, Progress and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave Trade by the British Parliament.' It depicts a number of implements used by plantation owners to punish slaves. Instrument A is a pair of handcuffs designed for the punishment of 2 people: the right hand of one person being cuffed to the left hand of the other. Instrument B is a shackle for the ankles, again designed for 2 people. The letters C, D and E highlight the operation of a thumb screw and F, G and H demonstrate the action of a speculum oris, used to wrench open a person's jaw.

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