A NEW and ACCURATE PLAN of the CITY of WESTMINSTER The DUTCHY of LANCASTER and Places Adjacent
Cartographer: Rocque, John
John Rocque developed his surveying talent at a young age, making plans of the great houses and gardens of the nobility. This early experience led to him taking up large-scale surveying, producing plans such as this one of Westminster. Here, Tottenham Court and Marylebone are mostly fields but Westminster has grown sufficiently to demand the construction of a new bridge.
Westminster Bridge was opened in 1750 and watermen were paid £25,000 in compensation as the new bridge made them largely redundant. The Chelsea Water Works Company, shown south of Totthill Fields, was set up to improve water supply to Westminster and "parts adjacent". The Company were the first to introduce slow sand filtration to purify Thames water.