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The ground-plot of the Collegiate Church St Peter in Westminster

The ground-plot of the Collegiate Church St Peter in Westminster

Medium: Engraving

Date: 1685

Shelfmark: Maps Crace Port. 11.31

Item number: 31

Length: 508

Width: 737

Scale: Millimetres

Genre: Plan

Map scale ratio:

Map scale description: Scale not given

An alpha numeric key shows where individuals were seated at the coronation. Dotted parallel lines leading from the Choir indicate the blue cloth spread from the abbey to Westminster Hall. An elevation of the choir is included. This is where the actual coronation took place, with the number ''3'' marking the Chair of State in which the King was enthroned.

James converted to Catholicism in 1669, but succeeded to the throne peacefully at the age of 51. Aiming for religious toleration, James issued the Declaration of Indulgence in 1687. The following year his son James Stuart was born to his second wife, Mary of Modena, a Catholic, arousing fears of the establishment of a Roman Catholic dynasty. The Protestant husband of James's elder daughter, William of Orange, invaded on 5 November that same year, and the army and navy rallied to him, forcing James into exile in France. James was finally defeated in 1690 at the Battle of the Boyne, in Ireland, when he tried to reclaim the throne. He spent the rest of his life in exile in France, dying there in 1701.

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