South Front Of The Original Barbican (About 1130)
Medium: Photographic print
View of the barbican at Kenilworth Castle in Warwickshire. Kenilworth is the largest castle ruin in England and was one of the country’s most magnificent royal residences. It was founded in the early 12th century by Geoffrey de Clinton, chamberlain of Henry I, who built the castle and endowed a priory on land given to him by the King. It is thought that the earliest Norman castle on the site was an earth and timber work but by the end of the 12th century most of the castle had been rebuilt in stone. The barbican dates from this period and was an outwork guarding the causeway over the moat at the south entrance to the castle. From the beginning the castle had water defences and in the early 13th century King John created a great lake by damming the valley, which protected the castle on its southern and western flanks and fed into a moat which completed the circle.