Advert for the Eclipse Duplicating Machine
Medium: Print on paper
At the start of the 19th century printing was carried out in small workshops using heavy wooden hand presses that had changed very little in the previous 300 years. During the Victorian period printing became mechanised. Machines such as the Wharfedale Cylinder Press, introduced in the 1850s, increased production rates. Technical developments meant that images were clearer than ever before. Machines like the Eclipse Copying Machine were popular because they could reproduce music as well as handwriting.