Advert for Samuel Clarke's lamps & food warmers
Medium: Print on paper
In the early 19th century most houses were lit by candles and oil lamps. Gas lamps were introduced during the 1850s and while electricity was developed around the same period it was not commonly used until after the first World War.
Oils lamps were initially developed to use Colza oil, which was made from rape seed, but in the 1870s it was superseded by paraffin, which was cheaper and lighter. There were many different designs of oil lamps but they all had a reservoir of oil, a burner and glass shades.