Advert For G. Gunner, Baker
Printer: Excelsior Printing Works
Medium: Print on paper
Baker's shops in the 19th century were not particularly hygienic places. Kitchens were usually located in basements below the bakers shop and drainage and sewerage pipes ran through the workshops. There was very little fresh air and stone floors were uneven and infrequently washed. The poor ventilation combined with the heat from the ovens meant that when bakers kneaded the dough a lot of sweat ran into the mixture. To make the bread whiter alum was added and this made the bread taste very bitter. In spite of these problems home cooking of bread declined and visiting the baker's shop became an essential duty for the Victorians.