Advert for the Cavendish Dairy
Printer: Wayre, W
Medium: Print on paper
Although dairy produce was available all year round in 19th century towns and cities, it was considerably scarcer in winter and as a result more expensive. For most of the year, milk was generally sold wholesale for about 5 pence a gallon but in winter the price rose to 10 pence.
Milking machines were invented around 1865 but they were not put into general use until the 1880s. Until then, milkmaids worked long hours in unheated sheds and were paid very low wages.