Advert for the Britannia Coffee Palace
Medium: Print on paper
Coffee houses of the 19th century were no longer the crowded, noisy and vibrant meeting places of previous eras. The introduction of an efficient postal system and improved standardised education in Britain meant that coffee houses were no longer vital centres of communication and culture. Indeed, over the course of the 19th century, many were transformed either into exclusive gentlemen’s clubs or public houses selling cheap food and alcohol.