Advert for Puritan Straight Cut Cigarettes, reverse side
Medium: Print on paper
Paper-rolled cigarettes are thought to have been first made during the Turkish-Egyptian war of 1832. Egyptian soldiers had few pipes and so rolled pipe tobacco in gunpowder papers to smoke them. Indeed, the first cigarette factory in England was established by the former paymaster of the Turkish forces in the Crimea, Robert Peacock Gloag. He opened his factory in 1851 on the Walworth Road in London.
While initially all cigarettes were hand rolled, the automatic rolling machine was invented in 1881 and could produce up to 200 cigarettes per minute. This led to the widespread production of 'straight-cut' cigarettes such as those advertised here.