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Baptism of Christ and First Temptation of Christ, in a Psalter

Baptism of Christ and First Temptation of Christ, in a Psalter

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1210

Shelfmark: Arundel MS 157

Item number: f.5v

Length: 29.1

Width: 19

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

Used as a prayerbook as well as a book of hymns for church services, the psalter in the later middle ages was often produced with a calendar and additional prayers. Eventually it was combined with an abridged version of the breviary, the prayerbook used by monks, to form the special lay prayerbook, the book of hours. This psalter represents an important stage in this development as it took place in England. It is one of the earliest psalters to include the Hours of the Virgin, a special set of devotions taken from the breviary. Also it is the earliest of a line of richly decorated psalters which were probably made at Oxford, in the workshops by lay scribes and artists, an industry which grew out of book production for the university. The book originally began with a series of scenes, two to a page, within an elaborate border. These would have been devotional aids to the book's reader, helping them to contemplate the life of Christ. The main events of the gospels are depicted. Here the beginning of Jesus' public life is shown, with the Baptism, in which the Holy Spirit descends, and the event afterwards, the first temptation in the desert. In the Baptism picture, John is shown wearing his animal skin garment and the River Jordan resembles a mound of water, the conventional medieval representation, which was not intended to be realistic.

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