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Illuminated Initial To Psalm 109, In A Bilingual Psalter

Illuminated Initial To Psalm 109, In A Bilingual Psalter

Medium: Ink, pigments and gold on vellum

Date: 1200

Shelfmark: Arundel MS 230

Item number: f.114v

Length: 25.9

Width: 17

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

A French translation has been written between the lines of the main Latin text of this Psalter. Such a bilingual manuscript might have been intended for an English cleric who knew Latin but not French, or for a novice from a Norman family who knew French but did not yet know Latin. It was probably made at Peterborough for use at the nearby abbey at Crowland. Similar but simpler than the Beatus initial, the start of Psalm 109 has a foliage-filled initial 'D'.

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