Probably made at Winchester, although it is not certain by or for which religious house there, the Arundel Psalter seems to have been a personal prayerbook. Throughout the middle ages, the Psalter was used for church services and as a personal prayerbook. Individualistic choices of saints for its calendar as well as Old English glosses on the Latin text suggest this one was made for private prayer. Psalm 13 begins with its title in red. The psalm itself is written in black in a script typical of 11th-century Anglo-Saxon England. In smaller letters above, a gloss or translation in Old English has been added. Translating books of the Bible into Old English already had a long history in Anglo-Saxon England, the earliest examples surviving from the mid-9th century.