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Brutus, in the Chronicle of England, from Hailes

Brutus, in the Chronicle of England, from Hailes

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1326

Shelfmark: Cotton MS Cleopatra D III

Item number: f.75r

Length: 25.5

Width: 18.5

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

A collection of histories and documents relating to the Cistercian Abbey of Hailes, in Gloucestershire, this manuscript includes the Chronicle of Hailes which covers the period from Brutus--the Brut of medieval literature, a Breton who founded the kingdom of the Britains--to 1314, during the reign of King Edward II. Later historical works and chronicles were added to it during the 13th century. In addition to the Chronicle of Hailes, in Latin, a French 'Chronicle of England' is included in the collection, covering the foundation of the kingdom of Britain under Brutus up to King Edward III. The first chapter begins with the story of Brutus, telling of his ancestry and 'how he conquered Albion,' renaming it 'Brutangue.' Beginning with 'England', the chapter's first letter has 14th-century fleshy plant ornament which extends to the border between the columns of text and its upper and lower margins. The style of handwriting is typical of that used for books in this period.

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