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Chronicles of the English by Rishanger, bound with the Chronicle of Melrose Abbey

Chronicles of the English by Rishanger, bound with the Chronicle of Melrose Abbey

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1270

Shelfmark: Cotton MS Faustina B IX

Item number: f.185r

Length: 26.8

Width: 16.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

Melrose Abbey was founded in 1136 by King David of Scotland, five miles from the ancient monastery where St Cuthbert lived in the 7th century. The 12th-century Melrose was run by the Cistercian monks an order which became wealthy and influential in medieval England. This manuscript, the only surviving ancient copy of the Chronicle, begins with the year 735 up to 1270. Bound with it is a copy of the Chronicles of the English, a continuation of Matthew Paris by Rishanger, a monk of St Albans, up to 1279. The rest to 1306 is mostly copied from a history by Walsingham. The heraldry of the duke of Hibernia appears in the margins next to entries concerning him.

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