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Diagram Of Jerusalem, In 'The Winchcombe Chronicle'

Diagram Of Jerusalem, In 'The Winchcombe Chronicle'

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1125

Shelfmark: Cotton MS Tiberius E IV

Item number: f.143r

Length: 40

Width: 29

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

The most immediately striking feature of this manuscript is its condition: it is from a library, subsequently incorporated into the British Library, which was damaged by fire in 1731. In the library catalogue published in 1802 is it described as '... once valuable and elegant ... [now] so much damaged as to be useless'. Careful 19th-century restoration work, however, made the volume usable again. The textual contents show that it was written for St. Kenelm's Abbey, Winchcombe, north-east of Gloucester and Cheltenham. Although considerably damaged, the main features of this map can be made out: a crenellated circle representing the city wall; enclosing various buildings and roads; with double gates at various intervals; outside the city are the Mount of Olives (top right); Bethlehem (lower right); the church of St. Zacharia, father of St. John the Baptist (lower left); and (the valley of?) Josaphat (upper left).

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