The Winds, In Matthew Paris's 'Book Of Additions'
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Matthew Paris (c. 1200-1259) became a monk of St. Albans in 1217, and in 1236 became the abbey chronicler, a task which allowed him to exercise and explore his talents as a scribe, and as an accomplished and inventive artist. Most of this manuscript is written in Matthew's own distinctive handwriting, as are the miniatures, except for some added in the 14th century. The 'Lives of the Offas' concerns two Kings, both called Offa, the first of whom had promised to found a monastery in the 5th century, and the second of whom carried this out when St. Alban's relics were discovered in the 8th century.
The manuscript has a 'Liber Additamentorum' ('Book of Additions'), a collection of material which Matthew Paris found useful in writing his chronicles which was added to in the 14th century. This page has a windrose or diagram of the winds, with the earth at the centre.