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Decorated Initial And Music For The Feast Of St. Guthlac, In The Crowland Gradual

Decorated Initial And Music For The Feast Of St. Guthlac, In The Crowland Gradual

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1240

Shelfmark: Egerton MS 3759

Item number: f.81v

Length: 21.5

Width: 14

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

The origins of Crowland Abbey date back to the year 699, when St. Guthlac chose the island of Crowland, in the Fens, as the site for his hermitage. In 716, two years after his death, a church was founded on the site. It was burned down by Vikings in 870; rebuilt; burned down again in 1091; rebuilt; destroyed by an earthquake in 1118; rebuilt; and burned down again in 1143. It fared better in the 13th century, when this manuscript was made. The large blue initial 'G' marks the start of the music for the feast of St. Guthlac on 11 April. The manuscript clearly continued to be used at least into the 14th century, when additions were made in the margin.

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