Click here to skip to content

Beginning of St Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians, with Commentary, in a Copy of the Pauline Epistles With Explanatory Notes

Beginning of St Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians,  with Commentary, in a Copy of the Pauline Epistles With Explanatory Notes

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1240

Shelfmark: Harley MS 3249

Item number: f.57r

Length: 36.2

Width: 23.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

In the middle ages, the Bible was read aloud as part of church services and during daily prayers, and it was privately for theological study and personal devotion. A variety of aids were developed for these different kinds of reading. For theological study, surrounding the text from the Bible with explanatory notes and / or words written between its lines to help the reader understand obscure or difficult vocabulary and grammar. This is called 'glossing'. This manuscript contains St Paul's Epistles with commentary glosses. It belonged to the Franciscan convent at Oxford. One of the new orders of preaching friars, the Franciscans were part of the scene at medieval universities. The beginning of the first letter to the Corinthians is at the large 'P'. It bears a picture of St Paul behind an altar distributing communion to a kneeling man while a woman looks on with upraised hands. Only a brief bit of the letter to the Corinthians is written--in larger handwriting--on the page. The smaller writing surrounding it is the commentary. In the part to the right of the larger writing of the scripture, quotations from 1 Corinthians are underscored in red, with the commentary on those words following. At the top of the page, the names of Augustine and Ambrose reference the writers whose works are excerpted in the commentary.

Search within this collection

Elsewhere on our websites

Newsletter

Latest events - register free online

Mobile app

For iPhone, iPad and Android

Report a Concern

What is the nature of your concern?

Report a Concern

What is the nature of your concern?

Email link to a friend

Write a brief note to accompany the email

Your friend's email address: