In the middle ages, the Bible was read aloud as part of church services and during daily prayers, and it was privately for theological study and personal devotion. A variety of aids were developed for these different kinds of reading. For theological study, surrounding the text from the Bible with explanatory notes and / or words written between its lines to help the reader understand obscure or difficult vocabulary and grammar. This is called 'glossing'. This manuscript contains St Paul's Epistles with commentary glosses. It belonged to the Franciscan convent at Oxford. One of the new orders of preaching friars, the Franciscans were part of the scene at medieval universities. The beginning of the first letter to the Corinthians is at the large 'P'. It bears a picture of St Paul behind an altar distributing communion to a kneeling man while a woman looks on with upraised hands. Only a brief bit of the letter to the Corinthians is written--in larger handwriting--on the page. The smaller writing surrounding it is the commentary. In the part to the right of the larger writing of the scripture, quotations from 1 Corinthians are underscored in red, with the commentary on those words following. At the top of the page, the names of Augustine and Ambrose reference the writers whose works are excerpted in the commentary.