A cartulary is a collection of loose charters (documents) copied in book form, both to make them easier to consult, and as a 'backup' in the case the originals get lost or damaged. Usually they contains records of properties and rights (rather than minor transactions), and are commonly arranged chronologically if they refer to rights, or geographically if they refer to property. This manuscript contains copies of about 36 royal and other charters granted to the Benedictine nunnery of Wilton, in Wiltshire. The volume starts with a copy of a charter dated 948 concerning 10 hides of land in Knoyle, Wiltshire, granted by King Edred (c.923-955). A hide varied in size, and was defined as the amount of land that could be cultivated in a year using one ploughing team of eight oxen.