The Abbey of Holy Cross, Waltham, was founded in the 11th century by Tovi, standard-bearer of King Cnut, who, according to legend, had a dream which led him to discover a miraculous flint cross on his land at Montacute, about 15 miles from Glastonbury. He intended to take the cross to Glastonbury, but the oxen pulling the cart refused, and took it to Waltham instead. King Harold prayed there in the 1050s, and was buried there after his death at the Battle of Hastings. The textual contents of this manuscript make it virtually certain that it belonged to Waltham in the Middle Ages. In the initial 'S' is a finely drawn Tree of Jesse: Jesse is at the base, the Virgin and Child are at the top, and there are nine others kings within the initial; outside it are a king-headed hybrid, a bird, and acorns, all in red penwork. Appropriately, the initial occurs within a treatise on the genealogy of the Virgin Mary.