Ladder of Perfection, by Walter Hilton f.75r
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Walter Hilton (died 1396), an Austin monk at Thurgarton (Nottinghamshire), was one of several influential late medieval English mystics. Considered a masterpiece of Middle English literature, his 'Ladder of Perfection" ('Scala Perfectionis') instructs in the destruction of vices and directs the soul's upward journey by contemplation of "the perfect love of God". This copy of it belonged to the Charterhouse of the Salutation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a community of Carthusian monks founded in 1371. Located near a plague pit (mass burial of plague victims) in Smithfield, the brothers prayed for the thousands who died in the Black Death. Carthusians reside in communities but practice the strictest spiritual discipline, living as hermits in separate small houses with gardens, their material needs attended to by lay brothers. The monks would have read this manuscript as an aid to their rigorous spiritual contemplation. When Cranmer, in 1534 under Henry VIII, dissolved the Charterhouse, a number of them were sent to the Tower and killed.
The manuscript's plainness reflects the austerity of the lives of the monks for whom it was made. This page has a rare coloured letter, which marks a major division of the book, such as a chapter or section, although there is no title to identify it. The small note in the right margin aided the scribe who wrote the red letters. Latin quotations within the book are underscored to alert the reader that they are quotations, and corrections have been made between the lines.