Psalm 109 (110), in a Psalter and Prayerbook
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
This psalter and prayerbook belonged to the English nuns of St Brigitta (or Brigittines) whose house, Syon, was originally located near Twickenham. After Henry VIII dissolved Syon in 1539, the Brigittines relocated in the Netherlands but then returned with the accession of Queen Mary (1557) only to be exiled again after her death. After wandering in France and Spain, they settled in Lisbon. Syon was the only Brigittine house in medieval England. This prayerbook was probably made in a London workshop.
Used in the daily prayer services of the nuns, this manuscript has a calendar, the Book of Psalms, hymns (canticles) from the Bible, a litany or prayer asking God and the saints for help, and a set of prayers of devotion to the Holy Spirit. Psalm 109 (110, "The Lord said to my Lord"), because of its beginning verses, was understood as being about the Trinity. The richly decorated border resembles decoration being made in London late in the 15th century.