Solar and Lunar Eclipses, In A Collection Of Astronomical Treatises
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
By the 13th century when this manuscript was made, European astronomers had access to information on planetary movements and other observations of the heavens that had been compiled by Arab astronomers in 11th-century Spain. This knowledge, with its methods of observation and emphasis on the natural world, was part of an intellectual revolution taking place in the late middle ages. Christian theologians responded to the new knowledge by integrating it into the church's doctrine. Monasteries provided the intellectual environment where the latin translations of arabic books were copied and studied. This manuscript of astronomical treatises belonged to St Augustine's, Canterbury.
This page comes from a treatise on solar and lunar eclipses. Geometry was the most sophisticated mathematics available and was used to understand the natural phenomenon of the eclipse.