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Charter of King Eadwig, Cartulary of Winchester Cathedral Priory

Charter of King Eadwig, Cartulary of Winchester Cathedral Priory

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1135

Shelfmark: Additional MS 15350

Item number: f.102r

Length: 39

Width: 27.1-00-00 00:00:00

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

Beginning as a monastery in the 7th century, Winchester Cathedral became known as the 'Old Minster' in the 10th century. With its increasing prestige, it received additional lands throughout the middle ages. The 'Codex Wintoniensis,' probably compiled under Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (1129-1171), is a collection of the Old Minster's Anglo-Saxon charters (a 'cartulary'), considered the best from an early medieval British religious house. The charters date from the reign of Ceadwalla of Wessex, AD 688, up to Edward the Confessor, AD 1046, plus a few of the later 11th and 12th centuries. Henry probably had it made to establish the Old Minster's property rights when King Stephen, his brother, was pressing for support from the Church. This charter of King Eadwig (955-959) grants to 'the noble lady Aethelhild', daughter of Edward the Elder, land in Droxford, Hampshire.

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