Crucifixion, Added To The Map Psalter
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
This Psalter is famous for, and named after, its full-page miniature of a map of the world, which is related to the famous medieval map of the world (Mappa Mundi) at Hereford cathedral. But it also has a series of full-page miniatures of the life of Christ, added late in the 13th century; historiated initials at the usual psalter divisions; and an unusual image of the Virgin and Child. The calendar and other features suggest a London/Westminster origin, and the presence of the feast of Richard of Chichester, canonised in 1262, provides the earliest possible date for the production of the book.
A picture of the Crucifixion was among those added in the late 13th century, but the later leaves were placed in the wrong order when the manuscript was rebound. This painting would have been viewed by the owner as an aid to private devotion when using the psalter as a prayerbook.