The biblical book of Revelation, also called the Apocalypse, is a mystical vision of the end of the world, supposed to have been written by St. John the Evangelist. Inspired in large part by the prophetic writings of a Cistercian abbot who died in 1202, much of Europe believed that the end of the world would occur during the 13th century. One of the most widely anticipated dates was the year 1260 (subsequently amended to 1284, and then to 1290); it is therefore no coincidence that many Apocalypse manuscripts date from the 1250s and 1260s. This copy was probably made in London or Westminster, but was in Beccles (Suffolk) by the 19th century, and may have been in East Anglia from the Middle Ages. The fourth horse and rider witnessed by St. John were 'a pale horse: and he that sat upon him, his name was Death. And hell followed him' (Revelation 6:8). The artist has depicted Hell as a monster, with tormented human souls visible in its two mouths.