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Unclean Spirits Like Frogs Come Out of the Mouths Of The Dragon, The Beast, And The False Prophet, In A Glossed Apocalypse

Unclean Spirits Like Frogs Come Out of the Mouths Of The Dragon, The Beast, And The False Prophet, In A Glossed Apocalypse

Date: 1260

Shelfmark: Additional MS 35166

Item number: f.18v

Genre: Illuminated Manuscript

The biblical book of Revelation, also called the Apocalypse, is a mystical vision of the end of the world, supposed to have been written by St. John the Evangelist. Inspired in large part by the prophetic writings of a Cistercian abbot who died in 1202, much of Europe believed that the end of the world would occur during the 13th century. One of the most widely anticipated dates was the year 1260 (subsequently amended to 1284, and then to 1290); it is therefore no coincidence that many Apocalypse manuscripts date from the 1250s and 1260s. This copy was probably made in London or Westminster, but was in Beccles (Suffolk) by the 19th century, and may have been in East Anglia from the Middle Ages.

St. John recounts that in his vision he 'saw from the mouth of the dragon and from the mouth of the beast and from the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs' (Revelation 16:13).

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