Trinity Sunday, in a Missal
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
The missal presents texts for the celebration of the Mass. Most of the Mass remains constant throughout the year, but within it are read and sung texts which are unique to each day of the calendar, some of them from the Bible, some special hymns and prayers. This missal was produced in the 14th century for use in Hereford Cathedral. The mass that it presents was meant for a lay congregation as opposed to a monastery. Although by the 14th century much of the Mass was standardised, it could vary from place to place. This manuscript can be identified as being of 'Hereford use' by the kinds of texts in it, the way they are arranged, and the saints whose feast days are 'red letter,' that is, written in red. The simple ornament of vines and leaves, drawn in coloured inks, is typical of missals made for everyday use in the later Middle Ages. Prayers and readings for Trinity Sunday are among those on this page.
The readings--on this page from the Gospel of Luke and the Apocalypse--are made conspicuous by the first letter of the words which are used to introduce readings, 'In illo tempore' ('In that time'), which is expanded into a thick red or blue flourish descending down the left margin for the length of the reading. The large decorated initial B[enedictus] indicates the beginning of prayers and other texts for the feast.