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Miniature Representing The Old And New Testaments, In 'The Abingdon Apocalypse'

Miniature Representing The Old And New Testaments, In 'The Abingdon Apocalypse'

Date: 1270

Shelfmark: Additional MS 42555

Item number: f.8r

Length: 33

Width: 20

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated Manuscript

This Apocalypse manuscript contains the Latin text of the biblical book of Revelation, written on versos, with a commentary in French on the facing rectos, each with a miniature. The manuscript takes its name from two added inscriptions: one states that it was given to the Benedictine abbey of St. Mary, Abingdon, by a bishop of Salisbury; the other records that it was lent by the abbot and convent of Abingdon in 1362 to Joan, wife of King David II of Scotland.

It is common in medieval imagery for the Old and New Testaments, or Old and New Law, to be represented by female personifications of the Church and Synagogue: the former has a crown, a staff of victory, and holds the Lamb of God, which bleeds into a chalice; the latter is blindfolded, carries a broken lace, and allows the Tablets of the Law to drop from her hand.

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