Scholarly Page Layout, In Robert Grosseteste's Translation Of, And Commentary On, Dionysius The Pseudo-Areopagite's 'Celestial Hierarchy' reverse(011ADD000057532U00043V00)
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
In the 5th century, at the earliest, an author wrote a number of works which he purported were by the 1st century man called Dionysius, who appears in the biblical book of Acts being converted to Christianity by St. Paul, and later became bishop of Athens. In his 'Celestial Hierarchy' he discusses the nine orders of angels (Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, etc.). The text was translated from its original Greek by Robert Grosseteste (d.1253), who also provide an extensive commentary. This copy, still in its original binding, was owned in the Middle Ages by the Abbey of Holy Cross, Waltham, a few miles north of London.
This page demonstrates several techniques used by book-makers to enable a text to be read and studied systematically. In mid-page, the section title in red is followed by an excerpt from the 'Celestial Hierarchy' in black. Grosseteste's commentary follows in a less formal handwriting. At the left-hand edge of the left margin are letters 'd' - 'g', allowing precise references to specific parts of the page.