Notes and Correction, in Robert Grosseteste's Translation Of, And Commentary On, Dionysius The Pseudo-Areopagite's 'Celestial Hierarchy'
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
In the 5th century, at the earliest, an author wrote a number of works which he purported were by the 1st century man called Dionysius, who appears in the biblical book of Acts being converted to Christianity by St. Paul, and later became bishop of Athens. In his 'Celestial Hierarchy' he discusses the nine orders of angels (Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, etc.). The text was translated from its original Greek by Robert Grosseteste (d.1253), who also provide an extensive commentary. This copy, still in its original binding, was owned in the Middle Ages by the Abbey of Holy Cross, Waltham, a few miles north of London.
This page has some interesting marginal notes. At the left edge of the folio, the 'X' draws attention to an error in the text. The page was ruled with a crayon, and at the lower edge, a narrow area has been reserved for assembly notes or notes for the craftsperson who added the coloured letters. One such note, written with the crayon used for ruling, can be seen on this page.