A Sermon of Leo I
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Medieval theologians and preachers drew on a large number of books in their studies and writings. Often a volume from a cathedral or monastic library would contain works by several authors, bringing together writings that were related in some way. Containing instructive and inspirational writings on worship and faith, this manuscript belonged to the monastery of St Augustine, Cantebury. Each piece was copied by a different scribe on a separate section of pages, and two of them may have been made in the 11th century while the rest were made in the 12th.
Two of the sections begin with the first letter splendidly decorated but others are like this copy of a sermon on the battle of virtues and vices by Leo I (440-461). The lack of decoration is not unusual but a reminder that the manuscript was written to be used and studied. It may have been copied early in the 12th century.
'Liber Lconis pape de conflictu vitiorum atque vir-
tutum'; beg. 'Apostolica vox clamat'. Elsewhere at-
tributed to S. Ambrose or S. Augustine; cf. 5 A. i,
art. 8, 5 A. xii, art. 14. Followed (f. 54), in the same
hand, by several short extracts from S. Augustine,
S. Ambrose, and Gratian. f. 49.