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A Letter of Aldhelm to King Ealdfrith

A Letter of Aldhelm to King Ealdfrith

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 920

Shelfmark: Royal MS 7 D.xxiv

Item number: f.162v

Length: 16.7

Width: 11.5

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated Manuscript

The Abbot of Malmesbury and Bishop of Sherborne, Aldhelm wrote 'About Virginity' ('De Virginitate') in two versions. He wrote the first about 705 in prose for Abbess Hildelith and the nuns of Barking. A few years later he produced a poetic version of the work. This manuscript presents the prose version and a copy of one of his letters. 'About Virginity' concerns purity as a Christian virtue. Aldhelm uses allegory to portray his subject, using elaborate images of the early Christian male and female virgin martyrs as warriors and athletes triumphing over evil. Aldhelm's style in Latin matches his elaborate images, full of obscure figures of speech and difficult grammar. Despite its difficulty, 'About Virginity' was copied in this manuscript at Winchester two centuries after he died. King Alfred the Great admired his writings, and it is possible that his admiration brought about this copy, following his program to revive learning.

A number of Aldhelm's letters survive, including this one to Ealdfrith, King of Northumbria, which presents a treatise on latin prose intended to help English writers. The letter has been rewritten on the following pages in the book in writing of the 17th- or 18th- century.

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