A Collection of Sermons f.1r
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Sermons were read during church services and sometimes during the daily prayer services of monks and nuns (the divine office). Collections of sermons were important resources for composing sermons as well as for study and reading from in the divine office. This manuscript containing a collection of sermons belonged to the priory of Rochester cathedral. Drawing upon many authors, the collection emphasises the sermons of Peter Lombard, an important theologian who lived earlier in the 12th century.
A sermon by Peter Lombard on the stones that appear in the Old Testament, begins by quoting Daniel 7:2. In places alongside the columns of writing the short diagonal lines (citation marks) indicate quotations from the Bible. Notes, additions and corrections also were written in the margins. One completes a quotation from Isaiah 8:14 or 28:16 on the "stone of stumbling." A bookworm found this digestible, having left a series of holes in this area. In the lower margin, a later inscription identifies the manuscript as belonging to the "cloister of Rochester", a gift of "I. the prior", possibly John de Renham (1262-1283). A second inscription gives the name of the author of several of the sermons, Peter Comestor (12th-century Parisian theologian).