Coloured Plan of the "River of Humber and of the Sea and Seacoost from Hull to Skarburgh"
Medium: Ink and tempera on parchment
This is a manuscript map of Yorkshire. It is endorsed on the reverse "Humber from Hull to Scarborough" in a later hand. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. This map contains three different sorts of information; military, nautical and administrative. At Hull the draughtsman has recorded the fortifications built by Henry VIII during the 1540s, when Catholic Europe threaten to invade England to depose Henry after his divorce of Katherine of Aragon. The forts consisted of a castle and two bastions linked by a wall and are shown here with English flags mounted on each one. The sands and flats of the river are shown and the main channel leading up the river is indicated by a pink line with numbers recording the soundings at intervals along it. This is in fact the first map to record soundings. In the margin is a list of "Havens and Crickes on ye Northsyde of Humbre, pertening toye Custom howse of Hull".