This manuscript was written in at least three different stages: the oldest part is early 12th century; later in the century the second part was written straight on from the first; and three further texts in French were added in the 13th century, the first of which is Wace's 'Roman de Rou': a chronicle of the dukes of Normandy which contains a famous description of the Battle of Hastings. This manuscript was owned by Battle Abbey, built at the site of the battle, about seven miles from the town of Hastings. The manuscript has an ownership inscription and press-mark of the Abbey. These decorated initials 'A' and 'I' are in the earliest part, written by a scribe whose handwriting looks Continental rather than English: the first monks at abbey were brought there from the Benedictine Abbey of Marmoutier in Normandy. A few scribal corrections are very obvious because of their darker ink, and because they stick out into the margins.