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Historiated Initial With Elkanah And His Wives, In A Bible

Historiated Initial With Elkanah And His Wives, In A Bible

Medium: Ink, pigments and gold on vellum

Date: 1220

Shelfmark: Royal MS 1 C.i

Item number: f.63v

Length: 34

Width: 21

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

Most medieval Bibles contains the 'Vulgate' version of the text, which was translated from Hebrew into Latin around the year 400 by St. Jerome, or revisions of it. This copy was illuminated by a professional Parisian illuminator who seems to have lived near the cathedral of Notre Dame, and who signed his name, 'Master Alexander', in another manuscript. By the 13th century this manuscript was in England, and in 1449 it was owned by the church of St. Michael's, Crooked Lane, London. The beginning of the book of I Samuel describes Helkanah and his two wives, Hannah and Peninnah; in the initial 'F' they are shown before the altar at which he made an offering each year.

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