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Illuminated Initial With Parrot , In Aristotle's 'Metaphysics' With The Commentary Of Averroes, And 'Ethics'

Illuminated Initial With Parrot , In Aristotle's 'Metaphysics' With The Commentary Of Averroes, And 'Ethics'

Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum

Date: 1275

Shelfmark: Royal MS 12 D.xiv

Item number: f.14r

Length: 26.6

Width: 17.3

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

Aristotle (384-322 BC) was perhaps the most important and influential philosopher of the ancient world, whose philosophical and theological works were commentated in the Middle Ages by the Arabian philosopher Averroes (1126-1198), who advocated the principle of twofold truth: religion, he said, is for the uneducated multitude, while philosophy is for the chosen few. This manuscript contains evidence of several former owners, including the library at Rochester Cathedral. This initial 'N' marks the start of Book II of the Metaphysics (a '2' and 'Second Book' in Latin are written in leadpoint in the upper margin). The artist may have had a particular interest in birds, as he represents various kinds throughout this book. Here a naturalistic green parrot is perched on the initial.

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