Julius Caesar (100-44 BC), the famous Roman general, statesman and dictator who was murdered on the Ides of March, was also, less famously, an author. He wrote several sets of notes ('commentaries') on the civil war and on wars in Gaul (present day France) in the guise of unbiased factual records, but really as attempts to justify his own actions. Several other accounts of wars commonly attributed to him (some of which are in the present manuscript) were actually written by members of his staff. This manuscript, written in Florence, can be identified in a catalogue of Lincoln College, Oxford, dated 1474. The first page of text has a typical Florentine 'white vine-stem' illuminated initial 'G' and border. The lower margin has been cut away (and later repaired with modern parchment), probably to remove an ownership inscription and/or heraldic arms, which were often placed in the lower margin.