Marginal Drawings Of The Cow-Stag Of Chester, The Connaught Woman With A Goat, And Joanna Of Paris With A Lion, And A Cock, In Gerald of Wales's 'History And Topography Of Ireland'
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Gerald of Wales was born at Monorbier castle, in Pembrokeshire, in 1146. He was educated at Gloucester and Paris, and became Archdeacon of Brecon in 1175. He visited Ireland in 1183, 1185, 1199 and again for about two years from 1204. A version of his text--which is largely concerned with the marvellous things he saw or heard about there--is known to have been read publicly in 1188. This manuscript was written perhaps at Lincoln, probably before Gerald's death in 1223, and it has been suggested that he personally supervised its writing and decoration. This manuscript was later owned by St. Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury.
Gerald includes among the wonders he reports a creature that was half cow and half stag and a goat that had intercourse with a woman, which provokes Gerald to mention that in Paris he had seen a lion that loved a woman called Joanna. He then explains that Irish cocks crow at different times to other ones.