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Reader's Annotations, In St. Gregory of Nazianzus's 'Eight Orations'

Reader's Annotations, In St. Gregory of Nazianzus's 'Eight Orations'

Medium: Ink on vellum

Date: 1180

Shelfmark: Royal MS 5 E.xxii

Item number: f.20r

Length: 23.8

Width: 15.4

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Illuminated manuscript

St. Gregory of Nazianzus (c.325-389) wrote three types of work: poetical (including epigrams, epitaphs, and epistles), prose epistles, and orations. Gregory is widely acknowledged to be one of the finest of all Christian orators. His orations were collected in various combinations, and were fairly commonly found in monastic libraries. This manuscript has ownership inscriptions of the Cistercian Abbey of Byland, in Yorkshire. Various forms of marginal annotation testify to the fact that the text was studied by early medieval readers. In the outer margin of this page is a variant reading within a wavy line; the letters 'DM' twice (an abbreviation of 'Dignum Memoria': worthy of memory); and a monogram of the letters 'NOTA' ('Take note!') once.

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