St. Paul, in an Historiated Initial, in Peter Lombard, 'Commentary On The Pauline Epistles'
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Peter Lombard (born in Lombardy), was a student and then teacher in Paris, where he became archbishop shortly before his death in 1160. He wrote a number of commentaries and theological works in the 1140s-1150s, including his commentary of the New Testament letters of St. Paul, which became a standard text throughout the rest of the Middle Ages. The title on this spine of this volume, no doubt copied from the former binding, states that it was owned by the Franciscan convent in Canterbury.
The large red and blue initial 'P' introduces a general prologue to II Corinthians, while the small one introduces the commentary. The more important biblical text is emphasised by its illuminated initial containing an image of St. Paul. In the side margins are four references to the authority of St. Ambrose ('amb.' in red), each linked to the text adjacent passage of by a small symbol: a cross, or one, two, or three dots.