St. Paul, In A Historiated Initial, In Peter Lombard, Commentary On The Pauline Epistles f.89r
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Peter Lombard (born in Lombardy), was a student and then teacher in Paris, where he became archbishop shortly before his death in 1160. He wrote a number of commentaries and theological works in the 1140s-1150s, including his commentary of the New Testament letters of St. Paul, which became a standard text throughout the rest of the Middle Ages. The title on this spine of this volume, no doubt copied from the former binding, states that it was owned by the Franciscan convent in Canterbury.
The running-title in the top margin of this page informs the reader that this page contains the prologue and start of the Epistle to the Galatians. Most of the references to patristic authors in the left margins are to St. Ambrose ('amb.'), while those in the right margin include St. Jerome, and, half-way down, to St. Augustine's book of Retractions ('aug. in l[ibrum] retrac.').